Dorothy Cottrell Archive
Ida Dorothy Ottley Cottrell (1902-1957), writer, was born on 16 July 1902 at Picton in New South Wales, daughter of Australian-born parents Walter Barwon Wilkinson, mine manager, and his wife Ida Constance, née Fletcher. When Dorothy was five, she contracted infantile paralysis and was thereafter confined to a wheelchair. Her parents later separated and Dorothy was raised by her grandmother at Picton, and later, in Toowoomba, then on her Fletcher uncles' stations, Elmina and Ularunda near Charleville. While on the stations, she trained sheep and cattle dogs to draw her wheelchair. She was taught at home by governesses until about 1915, when she went to live with her aunt Lavinia Fletcher in Sydney, then in 1920 she went to live at Ularunda.
On 23 May 1922, at the Ann Street Presbyterian Church, Brisbane, she married Walter Mackenzie Cottrell, a bookkeeper at Ularunda. In February 1923 they went to Dunk Island where they lived with beachcomber, Edmund Banfield. In 1924 they travelled round New South Wales in a truck, selling odds and ends, returning to Ularunda in the winter where she started to write fiction.
To avoid “iniquitous taxation” on her American earnings, the Cottrells sailed for California on 19 October 1928. She published Earth Battle (Tharlane, in America) in 1930, depicting the difficulty in making a living from the outback. Dorothy and Walter Cottrell became American citizens in 1939 and from 1942 they lived in Florida. In the USA Cottrell proved to be a successful journalist and writer, especially of short fiction on Australian themes. She also published two children's books, Winks: His Book (1934) and Wilderness Orphan (1936) which was filmed. In 1953 Cottrell published The Silent Reefs, a mystery adventure set in the Caribbean. It was serialized in the Saturday Evening Post and in 1959 was made into a film. In 1954 the Cottrells returned to Queensland to manage Ularunda until 1956 when they returned to Homestead in Florida. It was here that Dorothy died of heart disease on 29 June 1957. She was survived by her husband and adopted son.
Archive Location: 178
DC/1/1/ - Writings or compilations by Barbara Ross concerning Dorothy Cottrell:
DC/1/1/A - Dorothy Cottrell: a bibliography
DC/1/1/B - Novels
DC/1/1/C - Short stories, articles and extracts
DC/1/1/D - Bibliographical material and general articles
DC/1/1/E - Short stories with Australian settings
DC/1/2/ - Introduction to a proposed edition of The Singing Gold by New Endeavour Press (c. 1978), not published
DC/1/3/A - 'Drawn by Dossie', Voices (National Library of Australia Quarterly Journal), Summer 1991-92, pp. 21-30.
DC/1/3/B - 'The Art Class, 1917', Voices, Summer 1991-92, pp. 31-36.
DC/1/4/A - Talk given to the Toowoomba Ladies Literary Society 1995, titled 'The Regional Connections with Toowoomba and South-West Queensland in Dorothy Cottrell's fiction'
DC/1/4/B - 'Dorothy Cottrell: Links with Toowoomba and SW Queensland, Notes for publicity
DC/1/5/ - 'Dorothy Cottrell's Grey Country: Extracts from Wheelrhyme: an unpublished novel by Dorothy Cottrell', Coppertales, No. 2, 1995
DC/1/6/ - 'Encounters with Dorothy Cottrell', Talk given at a seminar, James Cook University
DC/1/7/ - 'Different Leaves from Dunk Island, as submitted for publication to LiNQ
DC/1/8/ - Talk for Bowen Historical Society, 'Dorothy Cottrell and North Queensland'
DC/1/9/ - 'Dorothy Cottrell: Links with Toowoomba and SW Queensland'
DC/1/10/ - Prepared for the Journey: A Life of the Australian Writer Dorothy Cottrell, 185 pages (no date - bound, unpublished, last version)
DC/2/ - Colour copies of book jackets of Dorothy Cottrell's novels
DC/3/ - Dorothy Cottrell, Tharlane, Houghton and Mifflin The Riverside Press, Cambridge, Mass., 1930. No dust jacket
DC/4/ - Short stories or articles written by Dorothy Cottrell. The items listed here are xerox copies of those held in the National Library of Australia's Cottrell Collection, MS6085.
DC/4/1/ - Undated. Typescript of And the blind shall lead, published not known where, 2 copies
DC/4/2/ - 1929, March. Typescript of 'Before Bunny came here'. Published in Ladies Home Journal - Cottrell's first short story
DC/4/3/ - 1949, February 28. 'Blown Away', in Woman's Day, from Mitchell Library
DC/4/4/ - 1933. Typescript of Cabbage Roses, published in Winchester Story-Teller (May 1933).
DC/4/5/ - Undated. Cut out book for Aunt Livinia, xerox of Dorothy's holograph copy. Not published.
DC/4/6/ - 1933. In the Dark Moon, typescript, published, not known anywhere, 3 copies
DC/4/7/ - 1950. Typescript of details of hand-operated elevator as shown in the article 'How to wear a wheel-chair', published in the The Saturday Evening Post, 10 June 1950.
DC/4/8/ - 1948. Hurrican, xerox of cut-out of story from Women's Journal (UK)
DC/4/9/ - Undated. I loved it, love (alternative title was A matter of comparison), typescript published in My Weekly (early 1970s)
DC/4/10/ - 1932, September. Magazine cuttings of an 'Old Doc story', published in Liberty, 3 September 1932
DC/4/11/ - 1940. Magazine cut-outs of 'Little Fellow' published in Hearst's International Cosmopolitan in September 1940
DC/4/12/ - 1930. The Night Flowers, Elsinore Leader press, intended as a film script
DC/4/13/ - 1951. Magazine cut-out of The Pit in the Jungle, published in The Saturday Evening Post, 18 August 1951.
DC/4/14/ - 1933. 'Racing Abe Goes Home', published in the American, August 1934, 3 copies
DC/4/15/ - 1948. Magazine cut-out of 'The Reef', published in Argosy, July 1947, 2 copies
DC/4/16/ - 1950. Typescript of Shark bait, published in Argosy, 1950, and in The Australian Journal, August 1951
DC/4/17/ - Undated, c. 1925 (?). The Socialistic Menace, and letters published in The Grazier's Review
DC/4/18/ - 1933. Magazine cuttings of 'The Square Peg', published in Hearst's International-Cosmpolitan, April 1933
DC/4/19/ - 1937. Magazine cut-out o f 'Teddy Bear', published in Nash's Magazine, August 1937
DC/4/20/ - 1933. A 'An Uncommon stupid dog' typescript, published not known where
DC/4/21/ - 1935. Cut-outs of the 'Spike' stories
DC/4/22/ - Dorothy Cottrell's miscellaneous jottings and a letter to Jess Cordes
DC/4/23/ - 1932. Magazine cuttings of the 'Dickie' stories
DC/4/24/ - 1932, September. Magazine cuttings of the 'Winks' stories
DC/4/25/ - File of animal short stories as sent to Philippe Tanguy, Endeavour Press
DC/4/26/ - 'The Gauntlet of Flames', published in [Post?], 11 October 1952
DC/5/ - Unpublished novels in typescript
DC/5/1/ - Nika Lurgin, written by Dorothy Cottrell using the non-de-plume Olga Raff
DC/5/2/ - 'Wheelrhyme' version A1336/2, item 16327, first version
DC/5/3/ - 'Wheelrhyme' version A1336/2, item 16936, second version
DC/6/ - Miscellaneous
DC/6/1/ - Materials relating to Ularunda and Dorothy Cottrell in the Noel Butlin Archives Centre, ANU, Canberra; Fletcher Papers
DC/6/2/ - Copy of National Library of Australia's file with Walter Cottrell
DC/6/3/ - Barbara Ross papers on Dunk Island and regarding Dorothy Cottrell's painting of Dunk Island
DC/6/4/ - copy of Barbara Ross's address book regarding Cottrell and Fletcher correspondents
DC/6/5/ - Copy of 'Hurricane Wedding', from Wayne Cottrell's collection
DC/6/6/ - Cottrell miscellanea: family homes; letter sent to Barbara Ross from J.N. Nicholas on his account of Walter and Dorothy Cottrell's life in the United States
DC/6/7/ - Photocopy of Dorothy Cottrell's Fletcher family tree
DC/6/8/ - Wayne Cottrell's memories of adopted mother and father (NOT to be quoted without his expression permission)
DC/6/9/ - Marianne Ilbery, Pastoral Occupation of Back-Country in South-West Queensland: Formation of Ularunda Station 1884-1917. Sub-thesis for Bachelor of Letters, ANU (1984)
DC/6/10/ - Margaret Dent, 'A Gentle Soul and a Generous Colleague', National Library of Australia News (2005). Dedication to Barbara Ross, Canberra scholar, researcher and archivist, and donor of this collection