Atherton Chinatown Excavations
Atherton Chinatown, located in tropical North Queensland, developed during the late nineteenth century. The town was once home to a thriving Chinese community. Gold attracted Chinese settlers to North Queensland in the late 1800s but when the gold ran out, many turned to market gardening and timber cutting. By the late 1920s Atherton Chinatown was virtually deserted. This collection records the James Cook University's archaeological activities between 1986 and the early 1990s, at a highly significant site at Atherton in regard to a temple. The remains of Atherton's Chinatown are now an archaeological site featuring that community's place of worship, the Hou Wang Temple, which has been conserved and restored. The documents and photographs here are primarily concerned with site descriptions and summaries of Chinatown's history, records and descriptions of excavated finds, and survey/grid reference maps.
Archive Location: 424M
ACE/1/ Site Plans & Assoc. Notes - Atherton Chinatown
ACE/2/ Atherton Chinatown - Resources, Contacts, etc.
ACE/3/ Atherton Chinatown - Miscellaneous Resource Materials
ACE/4/ Atherton Chinatown - Site Records
ACE/5/ Sketch of Fong On Residence, Chinatown, Atherton, c. 1920 (not to scale), prepared by Grace Fong On for Material Culture Unit, James Cook University, 5 June, 1986
ACE/6/ Sketch plan of Fong On Residence, Atherton Chinatown, c. 1915-20 - grid plan; with two roughly drawn plans and estimates
ACE/7/ Hou Wang Miau: Atherton Chinese Temple – Location of Temple Artefacts (3 copies); with notation that this plan indicates definite or probable locations of artefacts held by the National Trust of Queensland in November, 1986; devised by Gordon Grimwade, 10 January 1987
ACE/8/ Resubdivision Map
ACE/9/ Survey map: Reference No. 3: Atherton to Evelyn, Crown Pound Reserve; County of Nares in Parish of Barron
ACE/10/ Illustrations: Well – Site 6: Profile; Well – Site 6: Plan View; Atherton Chinatown; grid reference detail; Cooking Facilities – Chinatown
ACE/11/ Excavation Forms/Part 1/ Excavation Form – Atherton Chinatown 1990: Squares 1A to 15F
ACE/12/ Excavation Forms/Part 2/ Excavation Form – Atherton Chinatown 1990: Squares 16A to 27F
ACE/13/ Atherton Chinatown: A Site Survey 1986; hand-written paper of 29 pages’ length, on historical backgrounding and archaeological work and data analysis of the site, with references
ACE/14/ Basic Site Information; hand-written notes regarding legal title, lot number, excavation work, advisory capacity of Heritage Consultant Gordon Grimwade, grid summaries, etc.
ACE/15/ Descriptions of excavated items, mainly in the ‘Materials and physical description’ and ‘Details of manufacture’ sections
ACE/16/ Two sets of reference cards for sources on archaeology-related matters, race relations, North Queensland local history, town records, etc.
ACE/17/ Publications/1/ Atherton 100 Centenary Souvenir Edition, 3 September, 1985
ACE/18/ Publications/2/ Atherton Centenary: Commemorative Edition 1885-1985. Supplement to The Tablelander, September 1985
ACE/19/ Photographs/1/ Photograph summaries – hand-written:
i. Photographs 30/10/90, 7 pagesii. Photos According to Grid Sequence, 5 pages
ACE/20/ Photographs/2/ Contact sheets: Atherton Temple Artefacts, September 1986
ACE/21/ Photographs/3/ Colour photos of archaeological excavations, organised according to grid overviews and references
ACE/22/ Photographs/4/ Collection of colour slides of Atherton Chinatown and excavation areas, September 1986; includes separate box marked ‘Atherton Chinatown Survey 1986’
ACE/23/ Photographs/5/ Four b/w photographs in wrapping paper marked 'Hou Wang Temple Atherton NQ'
ACE/24/ Hou Wang Temple, Atherton: Draft Development Plan. Report of the Hou Wang Temple Management Committee; 2 versions, early 1992
ACE/25/ Gordon Grimwade and Barrie Reynolds, Report on Atherton Chinatown Site Survey, Material Culture Unit, James Cook University, 1986 [bound copy]
ACE/26/ Gordon Grimwade and Barrie Reynolds, Report on Atherton Chinatown, North Queensland, 1: Site Survey [draft version]
ACE/27/ Early 1990s correspondence and records regarding excavations, finances, travel costs, permissions, records of finds, departmental and museum or Queensland state government department collaborations